Football Rule Changes - November 2013
The Gaelic Football Rule Changes which become operative on 1 January 2014 are as follows:
- Introduction of a Black Card for Cynical Behaviour Fouls.
- Change in the number of substitutes allowed.
- Distinction between Deliberate and Accidental Fouls.
- Definition of the Tackle.
- Introduction of a clearer Advantage Rule.
- A player in possession may score a point with an open-handed hand-pass.
Cynical Behaviour Fouls
- Deliberately pull down an opponent.
- Deliberately trip an opponent with the hand(s), arm, leg or foot.
- Deliberately body collide with an opponent after he has played the ball away or for the purpose of taking him out of a movement of play.
- Threaten or to use abusive or provocative language or gestures to an opponent or a teammate.
- Remonstrate in an aggressive manner with a Match Official.
The penalty for the above fouls are:
- Free Kick from where the foul occurred.
- Order Off offender by showing him a Black Card*.
- Allow a replacement from within the substitutions permitted*.
- Increased to SIX per team.
- Maximum of THREE permitted for Black Card Offenders.
Immediate Ordering Off Infractions (Red Cards)
- Striking or attempting to strike with arm, elbow, hand, knee or head.
- Kicking or attempting to kick with minimal force or with force or causing injury.
- Behaving in any way which is dangerous to an opponent.
- Spitting at an opponent.
- Contributing to a melee.
- Inflicting injury recklessly.
- Abusive language towards a Referee, Umpire, Linesman or Sideline Official.
These are unchanged.
Cautionable Infractions (Yellow Cards)
- To block or attempt to block with the boot when an opponent is kicking the ball from the hand(s).
- To prevent or attempt to prevent an opponent from lifting or kicking the ball off the ground by striking an opponent's hand, arm, foot or leg with the boot.
- To engage in any other form of rough play.
- To attempt to achieve an advantage by feigning a foul or injury.
The above are all currently existing Yellow Card Infractions.
- To hold an opponent with the hand(s).
- To use the fist on or around the body of an opponent for the purpose of dispossessing him of the ball.
- To charge an opponent in the back or to the front.
- To charge an opponent:
- Who is not in possession of the ball, or
- Is in the act of kicking the ball, or
- If both players are not moving in the direction of the ball to play it.
- To charge an opponent for the purpose of giving an advantage to a team-mate.
Noting Infractions remain unchanged - Two Notings result in a Caution (Yellow Card) with a third resulting in an Order Off (second Yellow, followed by Red).
Summary of Disciplinary System
At all levels a Black Card results in a player missing the remainder of the game.
Additionally at Senior Inter County Level (Senior Championship and National League):
At all Other Levels:
Deliberate v Accidental Fouls
A Card shall be issued only where the Infraction is deemed by the Referee to have been deliberate and not accidental.
The Tackle is re-defined as:
"The Tackle is a skill by which a player may dispossess an opponent or frustrate his objective within the Rules of Fair Play. The tackle is aimed at the ball, not the player. The tackler may use his body to confront the opponent but deliberate bodily contact (such as punching, slapping, arm holding, pushing, tripping, jersey pulling or a full frontal charge) is forbidden. The only deliberate physical contact can be a Fair Charge i.e. Shoulder-to-shoulder with at least one foot on the ground. More than one player can tackle the player in possession."
Advantage Rule is defined as:
"When a foul is committed the referee may allow the play to continue if he considers it to be to the advantage of the offended team. He shall signal that advantage by raising an arm upright. If he deems no advantage to have occurred, he may subsequently award a free for that foul from where it occurred*. The referee shall allow the advantage to run by maintaining his arm in the upright position for up to five seconds after the initial foul or for less time if it becomes clear that no advantage has accrued. He shall apply any relevant disciplinary action."
Point with Open Hand
A player in possession may score a Point with the open hand or fist.
Frequently Asked Questions:
- The new rules sees the introduction of 'Black Card Infractions', in
addition to the existing Yellow and Red Cards? Do we have an actual Black Card.
No, we will be using the Referee's Black Notebook as the 'Black Card'.
- If a player who is Black Carded is being replaced by a substitute, when may
that substitution occur?
At a Break in Play, subject to there being no delay to the game.
- Does the limit of three Black Card subs extend into extra-time?
Yes, the maximum number of subs allowed for Black Cards is three over the course of a full game, including extra time. To recap; in the course of the game the max number is six, with three more permitted in extra time, the total number of Black Card replacements allowed is three.
- Can a team make six substitutions, even though none of their players has
received a Black Card?
Yes, the maximum number of subs which a team may use is increased to six; this is not subject to any of them being for Black Cards.
- Six substitiutes have been used by a team, two of them for a Black Card,
when a third player receives a Black Card. May he be replaced?
No, the overall limit of six has been reached.
- During the course of the game which goes
into extra time, a team has had four players sent off on Black Cards, three of
who have been replaced by a substitute, thus finishing with 14 men, Can this team
start extra time with 15?
Yes, Rule 2.6 (d) Part 2 Official Guide allowed a player sent off to be replaced for extra-time and this rule is unchanged. Of course the players dismissed on Black Cards may not play in extra time.
- A player who has been Yellow carded, and later in the game receives a Black Card and is, therefore, dismissed on a Red; does such a scenario count towards the number of players who may be replaced?
No. three players who receive 'straight' Black Cards may be replaced, subject to the total of six subs.
- County and Provincial Club
Championships will be played prior to Chrsitmas with the All-Ireland series
being played in early 2014. Can you confirm if the 'new' rules will be used in
those competitions in 2014.
Yes, all games which are played on or after the 1 January 2014 will be played under the'new rules'.
- In National League and Senior
Championship a player is suspended for one game where he has already received
three Black Cards. Is his slate wiped clean at this stage?
Yes, once he has served his suspension he starts again from scratch.
- What is the penalty, at club
level, for a Player who receives a number of Black Cards?
Currently a player is dismissed for receiving a Black Card. He does not suffer any suspension for cumulative Black Cards. However if he receives a second Double Yellow or Yellow + Black within 48 weeks he is liable to a two week suspension.
- Can a player who is sent off on a
Black Card have a Hearing?
Yes, there is no change to a Player's right to a Hearing following the introduction of the Black Card rule.
can Players, Officials, Administrators and Supporters get more information?
All of this information, and more, will be available on the GAA website at www.gaa.ie/rules
The GAA Congress 2010 passed a number of playing rule changes relevant to football and hurling which will come into effect in all games played on or after May 15th 2010.
In total there are six changes specific to football only and three specific to hurling, while a further six changes affect both codes.
A summary of the changes is as follows:
- Handpass - If a player handpasses the ball using the open hand, there must be a definite underhand striking action.
- Penalty Kicks - All penalty kicks will now be taken from 11 metres out
- Kick Outs - All kick outs will now be from the 13 metre line
- Sideline kicks - Line balls must be kicked from outside the boundary line
- Illegal Charge - It is illegal for a charge to be made on a player kicking the ball.
- Definition of bounce - The redefinition of the bounce has the effect that the "Basketball Type", bounce, per se, is not a foul.
- Puck Outs - The penalty for taking a puck-out from outside the small rectangle is changed from the award of a 65m free to the opposition to a throw in the ball on the defenders' 20m line.
- Handpass - The ball must be released and struck with a definite striking action of the hand
- Penalties - Both attackers and defenders must remain outside the 20m line and the arc until the ball is struck from a penalty and the three defenders on the line must not move off the line until the ball is struck.
Both Hurling and Football
- Restarting Play - If play is stopped by the referee to enable a seriously injured player to be treated, play will now resume with a free to the team that had possession. However it will not be permitted to score from such a free (if neither team is "in possession", play shall re-start with a throw in)
- Throw ins - when the play is being restarted by a throw-in, this must take place a minimum of 13 metres from the sideline
- Advantage - A referee will now signal that advantage is being played by raising his arm
- Extra Time - Extra time consists of 10 minutes per half only. The provision for two additional periods of 5 minutes per half has been removed
- Boundary Lines - The penalty for a player deliberately going outside the boundary lines of the pitch to gain an advantage has changed from a caution to a free.
- Charge - A charge is now defined as "shoulder to shoulder" rather than "side to side"
The full detail and text of the new playing Rules is below.
Playing Rules Motions Passed at Congress - Detail for Referees/Players/Officials
Both Hurling and Football:
- Rule 3.4 (d), Rules of Specification: "Extra Time (when played) shall consist of two periods of ten minutes each way."
Change: In 2009 the Rule stated that when teams were still level after the designated extra time, two further periods of five minutes each way were to be played. The additional period of extra time is now eliminated.
- Rule 2.2 additional exception: "When play is restarted by throwing in the ball after a foul(s) within 13m of the sideline, the throw in shall be given 13m from the sideline directly infield from the foul(s) occurred." Rule 2.8 (H) 2.9 (F): "If opposing players play the ball simultaneously over the sideline, or if the Officials are not sure which team played the ball last, the Referee, facing the players, shall throw in the ball between one player from each team 13m in from the sideline." Change: Throw in's do not take place within 13m of the sideline. Linesman throws-in in the case of a lineball.
- Amend 4.32 (H) 4.35 (F): "To deliberately go outside the boundary lines to gain an advantage except as permitted by Rule 1.10 (H), 1.9 (F)." Penalty: Free kick/puck from where the Foul occurred. Change: Previously the penalty for this foul was to caution the offender - it is now to award a free kick/puck against him.
- Addition to Rules 4.34 and 5.36 (H) and 4.37 and 5.30 (F): The referee "shall signal that advantage is being played by raising his extended arm upright. Change: The only change to the "advantage rule" is the signal to be now given by the referee.
- Amend Rule 1.9 The Play (H) 1.7 (F): Delete the words "side to side" and replace with the words "shoulder to shoulder". Change: A legal charge may only be made "shoulder to shoulder".
- Rule 2 - Set Play - Hurling
A New Section numbered as 2.9 (with existing 2.9 becoming 2.10 and reads:
"2.9 - If in exceptional circumstances play is stopped by the Referee to enable a seriously injured player to be treated on the field or removed from the field of play, play shall resume in one of the following manners:-
(i) If a Team is in possession when the play is stopped, the play shall resume with a free puck to that Team from the position at which the play was stopped, unless the play was stopped inside the opponents 20m line in which case the free shall be awarded from the 20m line opposite the point where the play was stopped. A score may not be made directly from such free.
(ii) If neither Team is in possession when the play is stopped, a throw-in shall be made from the position where the play was stopped, subject to the provisions in Exceptions (v) and (vi) of Rule 2.2.
- Rule 2 - Set Play - Football
A New Section numbered as 2.10 (with existing 2.10 becoming 2.11) reads:
"2.10 - If in exceptional circumstances play is stopped by the Referee to enable a seriously injured player to be treated on the field or removed from the field of play, play shall resume in one of the following manners:-
(iii) If a Team is in possession when the play is stopped, the play shall resume with a free kick to that Team from the position at which the play was stopped, unless the play was stopped inside the opponents 13m line in which case the free shall be awarded from the 13m line opposite the point where the play was stopped. A score may not be made directly from such free.
(iv) If neither Team is in possession when the play is stopped, a throw-in shall be made from the position where the play was stopped, subject to the provisions in Exceptions (v) and (vi) of Rule 2.2.
Penalty (in both Codes) - for "scoring" from such a free
- Cancel free kick/puck
- Throw-in ball where the foul occurred, except as provided for under Exception (v)* of Rule 2.2
* (The New Section (v) re throw-ins being made 13m infield is referred to above).
- Previously play would have re-started with a throw in, now a free kick/puck for the team in possession.
- When neither team is "in possession", play shall re-start with a throw in.
- If the free kick/puck results directly in a score then the score shall be disallowed and play restarted by a thrown in at the place from where the free kick/puck was taken.
- Rule 1.7 (b) The Play amend to read: "Who is playing the ball other than when kicking it."
Change: It is illegal for a charge, otherwise to be considered fair, to be made on a player kicking the ball.
- Rule 1.4 (e) the Rules of Football amended to read: "played away with (a) the fist (b) the open hand(s) provided it involves a definite underhand striking action."
"7 Handpass (Definition)
When in possession, the ball may be played away with
(i) the fist
(ii) an open hand - in which instance there shall be a definite underhand striking action.
The striking hand shall not be in contact with the ball before delivering the strike.
When both hands are involved, the ball may be struck off a holding hand by the other hand or released from the holding hand and struck with the other hand.
When one hand is involved, the ball may be released from the holding hand and struck with the same hand.
The releasing of the ball, when used, is considered an integral part of the fisted/open Handpass.
Change: A player may execute a pass using the hand by either:
(a) The fist
(b) Open hand provided it is struck underhand
In either case there must be a definite striking action, with the striking hand not being in contact with ball before delivering the strike.
- Rule 2.3 Set Play: "A penalty kick shall be taken from the ground from a point 11m from the centre of the goal line."
Change: The penalty is moved two metres closer to the goal, now 11m rather than 13m.
All other players, with the exception of the player taking the kick, shall be outside the 20m line and the arc, be at least 13m from the ball, and shall not cross the 20m line or the arc until the ball has been kicked. The goalkeeper may move along the line, but may not advance from the goal-line until the ball has been kicked.
- Rule 2.7 (a) and (b) amended and incorporated into one rule: "All kick outs shall be taken from the 13m line in front of the scoring space. All players except the goalkeeper and the player taking the kick out (if other than the goalkeeper) shall be outside the 20m line. All other players shall be 13m from the ball until it has been kicked."
Change: All kick outs 13 m line. Everything other rule relating to the kick out is unchanged.
- Definition of bounce: "For a player who has caught the ball to play the ball against the ground with his hands and to catch it on return to his hands."
Change: This redefinition of the bounce has the effect that the "Basketball Type", bounce, per se, is not a foul.
A "double bounce" is not effected until the ball is "caught" on completion of the second bounce.
- Rule 2.9 Set Play relating to the line ball: - a free kick from the hand shall be awarded to the opposing team from outside the boundary line from the place where the ball crossed the side-line."
Change: Line Ball must be kicked from outside the boundary line:
(i) Linesman may notify the referee of a breach of the rule by raising his flag.
(ii) Penalty for breach of this rule is: (a) Cancel sideline kick and (b) Throw in the ball 13m in from the sideline.
- Handpass definition: "The ball must be released and struck with a definite striking action of the hand."
Change: A player is in breach of the rule if there is not a definite striking action.
- Rule 4.15 - the penalty relating to taking the puck out from outside the small rectangle: "(i) Cancel the puckout and (ii) Throw in the ball on the defenders' 20m line in front of the scoring space."
Change: The penalty for taking a puck-out from outside the small rectangle is changed from the award of a 65m free to the opposition to:
(i) Cancel the puckout and
(ii) Throw in the ball on the defenders' 20m line.
- Rule 4.16 (a) and (b) amend the rule to: before the ball is struck
Change: This change in wording essentially clears up a potential anomaly. As a result of this change both attackers and defenders must remain outside the 20m line and the arc until the ball is struck from a penalty and the three defenders on the line must not move off the line until the ball is struck.
Implementation Date: All Playing Rules become operative one month from Congress, i.e Games played on Saturday, May 15th will use the "new" rules.